Bulk Barcode Generator for UPC-A


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1. Enter barcode data in Excel for print bulk labels. 3. Generate sequence numbers for make barcodes.
2. Design barcode label with text, logo. 4. Print barcode label sheet to Avery 5160, 5161, 5162 . . .
5. Print barcode label on command line. 6. Add Ascii key to barcode: Tab, Enter, File Separator. etc.

Barcode Data: 

(Up to 100 rows, Desktop version no limits)

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to this text box.

Or Make Sequence No. Barcodes.

Add Tab Key to Barcode

 11 digits

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Barcode Technology - UPC-A Barcode               Hide the description

The Universal Product Code (UPC) is a barcode symbology that is widely used in the United States, Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, and other countries for tracking trade items in stores.

Valid characters:  0123456789

UPC-A is one of the many barcode formats currently in use.

A Barcode is a method of representing data in a visual, machine-readable form.

The barcode formats has two categories:

One-dimensional (1D) --- Barcodes represented data by varying the widths and spacings of parallel lines.

Two-dimensional (2D) --- Using rectangles, dots, hexagons and other geometric patterns to represented data.

UPC-A is 1D barcode.

The structure of the UPC A code is as follows:
The first digit of the UPC A code says what the code contains:
0 - normal UPC Code
1 - reserved
2 - articles where the price varies by the weight:

for example meat. The code is produced in the store and attached to the article.
3 - National Drug Code (NDC) and National Health Related Items Code (HRI).

4 - UPC Code which can be used without format limits
5 - coupon
6 - normal UPC Code
7 - normal UPC Code
8 - reserved
9 - reserved

UPC-A has 12 digits.

The next 5 digits show the producer of the article (UPC ID number). This number is issued by the Uniform Code Council (UUC), 7051 Corporate Way - Suite 201, Dayton, OH 45359-4292, USA
>The seventh to eleventh digits show the individual article number issued by the producer.
The last digit is the check digit. This one is calculated by the barcode generator program automatically.

UPC-A consists of 12 numeric digits that are uniquely assigned to each trade item. It is also called UPC 12 and is very

similar to the EAN code. Along with the related EAN barcode, the UPC is the barcode mainly used for scanning of trade items at the point of sale, per GS1 specifications. UPC data structures are a component of GTINs and follow the global GS1 specification, which is based on international standards. But some retailers (clothing, furniture) do not use the GS1 system (rather other barcode symbologies or article number systems). On the other hand, some retailers use the EAN/UPC barcode symbology, but without using a GTIN (for products sold in their own stores only).

UPC-A is a subset of EAN-13; in reality, an UPC-A bar code is an EAN-13 bar code with the first EAN-13 number system

digit set to "0". This means that any hardware or software capable of reading EAN-13 is automatically capable of reading UPC-A.

NOTE: The UCC Council has announced that as of January 1, 2005, all products must be labeled with EAN-13. More

correctly said, all decoding and related database systems must be able to handle EAN-13 by this date. Thus when developing your system it is best to implement EAN-13. By implementiong EAN-13 you will automatically be implementing UPC-A, but will be ready when the transition to EAN-13 is complete at the beginning of 2005.

Formatting: UPC-A barcodes can be printed at various densities to accommodate a variety of printing and scanning

processes.The x-dimension for the UPC-A at the nominal size is 0.33 mm (0.013"). Nominal symbol height for UPC-A is 25.9 mm (1.02"). The bars forming the S (start), M (middle), and E (end) guard patterns, are extended downwards by 5 times x-dimension, with a resulting nominal symbol height of 27.55 mm (1.08"). This also applies to the bars of the first and last numerical digit of UPC-A barcode. UPC-A can be reduced or magnified anywhere from 80% to 200%.A quiet zone, with a width of at least 9 times the x-dimension, must be present on each side of the scannable area of the UPC-A barcode.

Numbering of UPC-A :

(10 possible values per left digit ^ 6 left digits) × (10 possible values per right digit ^ 5 right digits) = 100,000,000,000.

Check digit calculation:

The UPC includes a check digit to detect common data entry errors.
The UPC-A check digit may be calculated as follows:
Sum the digits at odd-numbered positions (first, third, fifth,..., eleventh).
Multiply the result by 3.
Add the digit sum at even-numbered positions (second, fourth, sixth,..., tenth) to the result.
Find the result modulo 10 (i.e. the remainder, when divided by 10) and call it M.
If M is zero, then the check digit is 0; otherwise the check digit is 10 − M.
For example, in a UPC-A barcode "03600029145x12", where x12 is the unknown check digit, x12 may be calculated by:
Sum the odd-numbered digits (0 + 6 + 0 + 2 + 1 + 5 = 14).
Multiply the result by 3 (14 × 3 = 42).
Add the even-numbered digits (42 + (3 + 0 + 0 + 9 + 4) = 58).
Find the result modulo 10 (58 mod 10 = 8 = M).
If M is not 0, subtract M from 10 (10 − M = 10 − 8 = 2).
Thus, the check digit x12 is 2.
UPC-A can detect 100% of single digit errors.


UPC in its most common usage technically refers to UPC-A.
Other variants of the UPC exist:
UPC-B is a 12-digit version of UPC with no check digit, developed for the National Drug Code (NDC) and National Health Related Items Code.[failed verification] It has 11 digits plus a 1-digit product code, and is not in common use.
UPC-C is a 12-digit code with a product code and a check digit; not in common use.
UPC-D is a variable length code (12 digits or more) with the 12th digit being the check digit. These versions are not in common use.
UPC-E is a 6-digit code, that has its equivalent in UPC-A 12-digit code with number system 0 or 1.
UPC-2 is a 2-digit supplement to the UPC used to indicate the edition of a magazine or periodical.
UPC-5 is a 5-digit supplement to the UPC used to indicate suggested retail price for books.

Human Readable:

Most barcodes display their corresponding values below them, which makes it possible to human read and manually  enter the barcode values into the equivalent system when the barcode label is worn out and cannot be read by the barcode scanner.


It's not required to label all articles with the price. The price is stored in the database and can be accessed via the barcode number. There is no need to manually calculate the price of the product. You only need to use the POST system to scan the EAN barcode on each product purchased by a customer. Because each product has its own unique EAN number, the POST system can get the corresponding price of each product in the database and calculate the total amount. It is fast and safe because there is no way to make a mistake.


FAQ About UPC Barcode


What is the historical origin of the UPC barcode?

The UPC barcode is a barcode symbol used to track items in stores and is only used in the United States and Canada. It consists of 12 digits and each product has a unique code. It was formulated by the United States Uniform Code Council in 1973, jointly developed with IBM, and has been in use since 1974. It was the first barcode system used in supermarket checkout, and the first item marked with a UPC-A barcode was scanned at the checkout counter at Troy’s Marsh Supermarket.


Why use UPC barcodes in supermarkets?

The reason why UPC barcodes are used in supermarkets is that it can quickly, accurately and conveniently identify product information, such as price, inventory, sales volume, etc. The UPC-A barcode consists of 12 digits, of which the first 6 digits represent the manufacturer code, the last 5 digits represent the product code, and the last digit is the check digit. In this way, as long as we scan the barcode at the supermarket checkout counter, we can quickly obtain the product price and inventory information, which greatly improves the work efficiency of supermarket salespeople.


What is the difference between EAN-13 barcode and UPC-A?

The EAN-13 barcode is developed by the International Article Numbering Center and is universally used. The code length is 13 digits, and the first two digits represent the country or region code.
The UPC-A barcode is produced by the GS1-US and is mainly used in the United States and Canada. The code length is 12 digits.
The EAN-13 barcode and UPC-A barcode have the same structure and verification method, and both have grooves. EAN-13 barcode is a superset of UPC-A barcode and is compatible with UPC-A barcode.
The EAN-13 barcode has one more country/region code than the UPC-A barcode. The EAN Architecture includes Country Codes from around the World. There is no Country Code included in the U.P.C. The U.P.C. was developed to be different from the U.P.C., based on the Prefix Number. An EAN allows for a four digit Company Prefix; where a U.P.C. allows for a six digit Company Prefix. (Side Note - there are variable Length Prefixes in the U.P.C., but NOT in the EAN).

A Hybrid Version of the EAN is used for Books - the EAN Bookland Code. It begins with 978, is followed by the first nine digits of the ISBN, and then Check Digit.


How to convert UPC-A to EAN-13 barcode?

UPC-A barcodes can be converted to EAN-13 barcodes by adding a leading 0. For example, the UPC-A barcode 012345678905 corresponds to the EAN-13 barcode 0012345678905. This will not only ensure compatibility with UPC-A barcodes, but also enable your barcodes to cope with international exchanges.


Who developed the UPC barcode standard? Why develop this standard?

The UPC-A barcode standard was developed in 19731 by IBM engineer George Laurer. It is a barcode symbology system that is widely used worldwide to track trade items in stores. It consists of a 12-digit number uniquely assigned to each trade item.

The main reason for developing this standard is to improve the efficiency and accuracy of retail store checkout systems. Before UPC-A, most products were entered manually by cashiers, which was slow and error-prone. Using UPC-A, products can be automatically scanned and matched with correct price and inventory information. This also helps retailers manage their supply chains and marketing strategies more effectively.


What are the advantages and disadvantages of UPC barcodes??


It can represent 12-digit information, including country code, manufacturer code, product code and check digit.

It's simple, short, popular, and can be read by almost any standard barcode reader.

It can improve the efficiency and accuracy of commodity management, reduce human errors and costs,

They have a check digit to prevent accidental errors, especially when entering codes manually.

It enables businesses to easily, quickly and accurately control inventory and save costs.


They can only represent 12 digits, not letters or other symbols.

They take up more space than some other types of barcodes, such as UPC-E or QR codes.


In which industries are UPC barcodes widely used?

The UPC barcode is a commodity barcode developed by the U.S. Uniform Code Council (UCC) in 1973 to achieve automatic identification and management of commodities.

UPC barcodes are mainly used in the U.S. and Canadian markets, while other countries and regions use EAN-13 barcodes. The difference between them is that the EAN-13 barcode has one more country code.

UPC barcodes can be used for a variety of goods, such as food, books, clothing, electronic products, etc. It can help merchants and consumers quickly find the price, inventory, sales and other information of the goods.


Some examples of UPC barcode applications.

Pharmaceutical products marked with UPC-A and GS1 Data Matrix for point-of-sale (POS) and/or US FDA barcode regulations.

Retail products in the United States are required to carry a 12-digit unique identifier.

Items that require supplemental information such as issue number, weight, or price, using 2- or 5-digit extensions.


How many types of UPC barcodes are there?

There are two types of UPC barcodes: standard and shortened.

The standard code includes 1-digit system symbol, 5-digit manufacturer code, 5-digit product code and 1-digit check code.

The shortened code is the result of removing or compressing some numbers in the standard code, and can only represent 8 digits.


Why Design 2 Types of UPC Barcodes?

The reason why the two types of UPC barcodes are designed is to accommodate different sized items. The standard size is suitable for larger items, and the shortened size is suitable for smaller items, which can save space and cost.


Why do the US and Canada use UPC-A barcodes and not EAN-13 barcodes?

The reason why the United States and Canada do not use EAN-13 is because they early adopted the UPC-A barcode as the standard for product barcodes. The UPC-A barcode was produced by the United States Uniform Code Committee. The coding length is 12 digits and only supports 0-9. number. The EAN-13 barcode was later developed by the International Article Numbering Center. The code length is 13 digits and only supports numbers 0-9, but it has an additional country/region code.

In fact, the UPC-A barcode can be seen as a special case of the EAN-13 barcode, that is, the EAN-13 barcode with the first digit set to 0. Therefore, EAN-13 barcodes and UPC-A barcodes are compatible as long as the scanning device can recognize both types of barcodes.


In the United States, which agency should I apply for a UPC barcode?

In the US, the agency you should apply for a UPC barcode to is GS1 US. It is the official provider of the U.P.C. Barcodes and GTINs for the United States. You can apply online at www.gs1us.org.

Alternatively, you can use an authorized barcode reseller such as www.barcode-us.com, which is part of GS1 US. However, you should be aware of the difference between obtaining barcodes directly from GS1 US or from a reseller.


What is the difference between getting barcodes directly from GS1 US or from a reseller?

The difference between getting barcodes directly from GS1 US or from a reseller is:

When you get your barcode from GS1 US, you have your own unique ID number, which is registered to you in their GEPIR system. Some retailers require this system in certain circumstances.

When you get a barcode from a reseller, you don't own your own unique ID number, and there's a risk that the prefix could be resold to another company, causing confusion or errors. This option may be cheaper and faster, but less reliable and less secure.

The GS1 company prefix is the same as the U.P.C. company prefix, except that the GS1 company prefix adds a zero at the beginning of the number. This prefix is required when creating barcodes for your products.


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